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The Ultimate Reloading Manual
Wolfe Publishing Group
  • reloading manual
  • alliant reloading data
  • reloading brass
  • shotshell reloading
  • bullet reloading
The Ultimate Reloading Manual
hodgdon load data

.405 Winchester (using Hornady bullets)

Author: Brian Pearce / Wolfe Publishing Co.
Date: Jun 27 2014

The .405 Winchester was introduced in 1904 for the Winchester Model 1895 lever-action rifle, but was also chambered for a variety of single-shot, double rifles and the Remington Lee bolt action. It launched a 300-grain bullet at 2,200 fps and developed a good reputation on big game, including grizzly, Alaskan brown bear and moose. Its greatest fame, however, probably came from President Teddy Roosevelt’s extensive hunting trip to Africa. Using a factory custom-built gun, it became his preferred lion rifle and cartridge, which was understandable as it offered power and fast repeat shots.

The Model 1895 rifle was discontinued in 1936 (with a handful of rifles being produced from parts until World War II). With renewed interest in older rifles and cartridges in recent years, in 2001 Winchester and Hornady teamed up to produce a modern (Japanese manufactured) Model 1895, with Hornady offering factory loads. Ruger also offered its No. 1 rifle and Winchester likewise chambered its Model 1885.

The .405 Winchester is based on the rimmed .30-40 Krag case, but straightened and lengthened to 2.583 inch. Bullet diameter varies from manufacturers, but is usually .411 or .412 inch, with Hornady bullets measuring .411 inch. In addition to Hornady, several companies, including Bertram and Kynoch, offer brass ammunition.

Hodgdon H-4895 powder gave the best overall performance by duplicating factory load velocities and produced the best accuracy, but only with maximum listed loads.

When handloading ammunition for Winchester lever-action rifles, it is important to apply a heavy crimp, as this will help keep bullets in place when they are subjected to battering in the box magazine or when fed into the chamber.

The industry currently holds maximum average pressures to 44,000 psi, with none of the accompanying data exceeding that figure.